Author | Jator Pierre, DIAKADI Trainer POSTURE: The Position from which movement begins and ends.
IDEAL POSTURE: The state of muscular and skeletal balance, which protects the supporting structures of the body against injury or progressive deformity, irrespective of the attitude in which these structures are working or resting. It is during a state of ideal posture that the muscles will function most efficiently.
If you were to hang a plumb line at a side view to the body, the line should run through the ear lobe, transect the shoulder, hip and knee joints and fall just anterior to the ankle joint. This line should be the same on the both the right and left sides of the body.
Anterior and posterior views should also be looked at, paying attention to each joint of the body, paying close attention to symmetry from left toright (Hip height, Knee height, Shoulder height etc), close attention should be paid to the curvatures of the spine (Flat back, Sway back, Kyphotic-Lordotic, Upper cross, Lower cross etc). A more comprehensive assessment can be done with the use of goniometers, inclinometers, calipers etc, which will give a more objective view of dysfunction and a solid grasp of what needs to be addressed.
Poor posture not only takes away from aesthetics, it also has a direct effect on the functional capacity of the body. Posture directly affects breathing, mastication, vision, balance, hearing, immune function, and emotional and mental states of being, just to name a few.
POOR POSTURE ROOTS (just a small sample):
- Work environment
- Repetitive stress
- Gut health
- Mental, Emotional, Spiritual States
- Developmental dysfunctions present during childhood
- Hydration, sleep, movement, breath, nutrition, thoughts
To begin at a very basic level posture can be addressed by stretching the short tight (usually tonic musculature) and strengthening the long and weak (usually phasic musculature). This stretch should be done pre-work out because the tonic musculature has a tendency to become facilitated which means it will try to do the jobs of other muscles. If these are not stretched prior to training you may be facilitating the exact postural faults you are trying to address.